On June 5, 1967, a six-day war between Israel and its neighboring countries, Egypt, Syria, and Jordan, began. The tension between Israel and its neighboring countries had been building up for years, primarily due to territorial disputes. Israel, which had emerged victorious in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, had taken control of several territories and had established its borders, which were not well-received by its neighboring countries.
The war began when Israel launched a surprise attack on Egypt’s air force, destroying most of its planes. This was a pre-emptive strike, as Israel believed that Egypt was planning to attack them. However, this did not sit well with Egypt, who retaliated by shelling Israeli cities. This led to the involvement of Syria and Jordan, who launched their own attacks on Israeli territories.
The war took a heavy toll on all the parties involved, with over 20,000 people losing their lives and the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people. However, Israel emerged victorious in the end, gaining control of the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, and the Golan Heights.
The Six-day war was a significant turning point in the history of the Middle East. It solidified Israel’s position as a regional power and greatly weakened its neighboring countries. It also led to heightened tensions in the region, which have persisted until this day. The war also had global implications, with the involvement of powerful nations such as the United States and the Soviet Union.
In conclusion, the start of the Six-day war was a defining moment in the history of the Middle East. It was a war that had far-reaching consequences that shaped the region and the world at large.