On November 5, 1605, the infamous Gunpowder Plot was carried out in an attempt to assassinate King James I of England and the members of Parliament. This plot was led by a group of Catholic conspirators who were unhappy with the Protestant rule of King James I and sought to overthrow the government.
The plot was led by Robert Catesby, a Catholic nobleman who had been involved in previous Catholic rebellions against the English monarchy. He recruited a group of like-minded individuals, including Guy Fawkes, to join him in the plot.
The conspirators rented a cellar beneath the House of Lords and began to stockpile gunpowder in preparation for their attack. They planned to detonate the gunpowder during the opening of Parliament on November 5, 1605, when King James I and the members of Parliament would be present.
However, their plans were discovered when an anonymous letter was sent to a member of Parliament warning of the plot. The letter was passed on to the authorities, and a search of the House of Lords was carried out on the night of November 4.
Guy Fawkes was discovered in the cellar guarding the gunpowder and was arrested. Under interrogation, he revealed the names of his fellow conspirators and the full extent of their plot.
The conspirators were all arrested and put on trial for treason. They were found guilty and sentenced to death by hanging, drawing, and quartering.
The Gunpowder Plot had a significant impact on English history. It led to increased persecution of Catholics in England, as they were viewed with suspicion and seen as potential traitors. It also led to the introduction of the Observance of the 5th November Act, which called for the annual celebration of the failed plot.
Today, the Gunpowder Plot is remembered in England as Guy Fawkes Night or Bonfire Night. It is celebrated on November 5 with fireworks displays and the burning of effigies of Guy Fawkes.