On September 20, 1870, Rome was officially incorporated into the Kingdom of Italy, marking the end of a long and tumultuous struggle for Italian unification. The incorporation of Rome was the final step in the unification process, which had begun in the early 19th century.
The unification of Italy was a complex process that involved a series of political and military struggles. At the time, Italy was divided into a number of separate states, each with its own monarchy or ruling class. These states were often at odds with one another, and the idea of a unified Italy was a distant dream.
However, during the mid-19th century, a movement for Italian unification began to gain momentum. This movement was led by several prominent figures, including Giuseppe Garibaldi, who became a symbol of Italian nationalism.
The process of unification began with the formation of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861, which brought together a number of smaller states under the rule of King Victor Emmanuel II. However, Rome remained outside the new kingdom, as it was still under the control of the Papal States.
The Papal States were a collection of territories in central Italy that were directly controlled by the Pope. They had been a powerful force in Italian politics for centuries, and the idea of incorporating them into a unified Italy was highly controversial.
The struggle for Rome began in earnest in 1867 when Italian forces attempted to capture the city. However, they were met with fierce resistance from the defenders of the Papal States, and the attempt was ultimately unsuccessful.
It was not until three years later, on September 20, 1870, that Rome was finally incorporated into the Kingdom of Italy. This was made possible by a combination of political maneuvering and military force.
The incorporation of Rome marked the end of a long and arduous struggle for Italian unification. It was a momentous occasion celebrated throughout Italy, marking the beginning of a new era of Italian history.
Today, Rome remains one of the most important cities in Italy, and it is recognized as a cultural and historical center of global significance. Its incorporation into Italy in 1870 played a crucial role in shaping the modern Italian state, and it is a moment that continues to be celebrated by Italians around the world.