Today In History: November 6

On November 6, 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected the sixteenth President of the United States of America. The election of Lincoln marked a significant moment in American history as it led to the formation of the Republican Party and the beginning of the Civil War.

Lincoln had a challenging road to the presidency. He was not even on the ballot in nine southern states, and his opponents were widely popular in the north. However, Lincoln’s message of anti-slavery and unity struck a chord with many Americans looking for a leadership change.

The election of 1860 was a four-way race between Lincoln, Stephen A. Douglas, John C. Breckinridge, and John Bell. Lincoln came out on top with 180 electoral votes, winning all but one of the northern states. He won the presidency with less than 40% of the popular vote, but it was enough to secure his position as the leader of the United States.

The election of Lincoln was a turning point in American history. It was the first time a Republican candidate had won the presidency, and it marked the end of the Whig Party. The Republican Party grew in popularity as a result of Lincoln’s win, and it would go on to dominate the political landscape for the next several decades.

However, not everyone was pleased with Lincoln’s election. Southern states were outraged by his victory, and many believed that his anti-slavery stance would lead to the eventual abolition of slavery. This fear led to the secession of several southern states, which sparked the Civil War.

Despite the challenges he faced, Lincoln was determined to lead the country through the war and preserve the Union. He issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, which declared that all enslaved people in the Confederate states were to be set free. This was a significant moment in American history and marked the beginning of the end of slavery in the United States.

Lincoln’s leadership during the Civil War was critical to the Union’s victory. He was a skilled politician and an excellent orator who could rally the troops and inspire the nation. His Gettysburg Address, delivered in 1863, is considered one of the greatest speeches in American history and is still studied and memorized by schoolchildren today.

Unfortunately, Lincoln’s presidency was cut short. He was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865, just days after the end of the Civil War. The nation was stunned by his death, and Lincoln became a martyr for the cause of freedom and equality.

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